Information of Prudential Relevance 2014

7.2. Accounting policies and instrument valuation

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The financial instruments contained in the available-for-sale financial assets portfolio are valued at their fair value both in their initial entry and on subsequent valuations.

Said changes are recorded in equity unless objective evidence exists that the fall in value is due to asset impairment, where the amounts recorded will be written-off from equity and they will be taken directly to the income statement.

The fair value is the price that would be received for selling an asset or paid for transferring a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants. It is therefore a market-based measurement, and not specific to each entity.

The fair value is reached without making any deduction in transaction costs that might be incurred due to sale or disposal by other means.

In the initial entry, the best evidence of fair value is the listing price on an active market. When these prices are not available, recent transactions on the same instrument will be consulted or the valuation will be made using mathematical measurement models that are sufficiently tried and trusted by the international financial community. In subsequent valuations, fair value will be obtained by one of the following methods:

  • Prices quoted on active markets for the same instrument, i.e., without modification or reorganizing in any way.
  • Prices quoted on active markets for similar instruments or other valuation techniques in which all the meaningful inputs are used based on directly or indirectly observable market data.
  • Valuation techniques in which some meaningful input is not based on observable market data.

When it is not possible to reliably estimate a capital instrument’s fair value, it will be valued at its cost.